1.82 children born per women (2016 est.)
This fits in perfectly with the Nationals desire for each family to have 2 children.
Infant Mortality Rate
Sadly there are a total of 17.8 deaths per 1,000 babies born (2016 est.), this is a drop from 21.57 in 2010.
Baby boys have a slightly higher risk at 18.2 (2016 est. to baby girls born and this has dropped from 21.15 deaths per 1,000 babies born (2010 est.)
Couples have been encouraged to only have 2 children, and in theory not allowed to have more than 3 children between 1986 and 2005.
In that time the punishment for the city dwellers with more than three children was that you could lose your job or work with no salary. But for those families in the countryside where everyone works in the fields, it was a common practice and the Government could not do anything about those families.
Thanh Nien News reported on Monday 8 June 2015 that the National Assembly were to discuss the two children policy in view to remove the restriction, which was presented by Ministry of Health from The General Office for Population Family Planning.
The desired level is 2.1 children per women, but for at least five decades Vietnam’s policy was to have only 1 or 2 children which was brought in response to 6.8 births per women in the 1970’s.
Since the 1970’s the replacement rate has been lower than the fertility rate, but hoped that if the fertility rate is kept at 2.1 by 2049 Vietnam’s population will be 115-120 million.